Ambulance Visibility
Emergency vehicle conspicuity research on livery, warning lights and
high visibility markings - photos, technical information & newsletters by John Killeen  

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Archive

Ambulance_Visibility_Reference_Library_Logo_www.ambulancevisibility.com
 
Author Lists 
 
 
 
David Green Collection - Click Here
 

 
Stephen S Solomon 
 
Dr Stephen S Solomon - Biography Post on Wordpress
 
Emergency Vehicle Accidents - Prevention, reconstruction and survey of State law, 2nd Edition
Solomon, S. and Hill, P. - Google Books  CLICK HERE
 
Lime yellow fire trucks safer than red - A conclusion from four years of data
Auto and Road User Journal, February 1997 
 
Black & White and seen all over
Sullivan, J. - Comments on Seattle Times article by Stephen Solomon - 10 March 2007
 
Police cars going back to classic Black & White
Kenworthy, T. - USA Today
 
Warning Lights for Public Works Vehicles*
Interview with Stephen Solomon and Gerald Ullman in Lone Star Roads
 
 

 
Michael Flannigan
   
Dr Michael Flannigan Biography @ UMTRI
 
Effects of Warning Lamp Color and Intensity on Driver Vision*
Flannagan, M. Blower, D. Devonshire, J. - UMTRI, October 2008
 
Color Identification in the Visual periphery: Consequences of Color coding of vehicle signals
Sivak, M. Flannagan, M. Miyokawa, T. Traube, E. - UMTRI, July 1999
 
Processing of a flashing display by younger and older drivers  
Flannagan, M. Schumman, J, Sivak, M. Mefford, M. - UMITI
 
Conspicuity and glare properties of daytime running lights: Effects of lamp separation and intensity
Sivak, M. Flannagan, J. Traube, E. Miyokawa, T. - August 1998
 
Heavy trucks, conspicuity treatment and the decline of collision risk in darkness
Sullivan, J. Flannagan M - UMTRI - September 2011
 
 

 
Sharon Cook
 
Sharon Cook biography @ Loughborough University
 
Motor vehicle and Pedal Cycle Conspicuity - Part 1, Vehicle Mounted Warning Beacons*
Cook, S. Quigley, C. Clift, L. - March 2000  PDF 1.3Mb
 
Motor vehicle and Pedal Cycle Conspicuity - Part 3, Vehicle Mounted Warning Beacons*
Cook, S. Quigley, C. Clift, L. - June 1999  PDF 1.3Mb
 
Motor Vehicle Conspicuity - An assessment of the contribution of retroreflective and fluorescent materials
Cook, S, Quigley, C. Clift, L. - October 1999
 
Quality and Field of Vision - A review of the needs of drivers and riders
Southall, D. Cook, S. Tait, R. Quigley, C. - July 1999
 
   

 
Martin Langham
 
Dr Martin Langham Biography @ UserPerspective Ltd
 
An investigation of the role of vehicle conspicuity in the Looked but Failed to See error in driving*
Langham, M. - University of Sussex
 
Crikey! It's cognitively complex*
Langham, M and McDonald, N - 2007
 
An analysis of looked but failed to see accidents involving parked police vehicles*
Langham, M. Hole, G. Edwards, J. O'Neil, C - School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences, University of Sussex 2002
 
What Drivers do at Junctions?
Labbet, S. Langham, M. - Road Safety Congress 2006
 
 


 
Graham Hole
 
Dr Graham Hole - Profile @ University of Sussex
 
The Psychology of Driving
Hole, G. - Google Books - CLICK HERE
 
Perceptual and inattentional factors in driving - PowerPoint
Hole, G - CLICK HERE
 
Some factors affecting motorcyclist's conspicuity
Hole, G. Tyrrell, G. Langham, M. -  Ergonomics, 39 (7): 946-965
 
 
 

ICE Ergonomics
 
Motor Vehicle Conspicuity - Warning Beacons*
48th GRE - April 2002 - PDF 322Kb
 
Motor vehicle and Pedal Cycle Conspicuity - Part 1, Vehicle Mounted Warning Beacons*
Cook, S. Quigley, C. Clift, L. - March 2000  PDF 1.3Mb
 
Summary of Motor Vehicle and Pedal Cycle Conspicuity - Part 2, Pedal Cycles*
Clift, L. Southall, D. - May 2001
 
Motor vehicle and Pedal Cycle Conspicuity - Part 3, Vehicle Mounted Warning Beacons*
Cook, S. Quigley, C. Clift, L. - June 1999  PDF 1.3Mb
 
Motor Vehicle Conspicuity - An assessment of the contribution of retroreflective and fluorescent materials*
Cook, S, Quigley, C. Clift, L. - October 1999
   
 
 

 
Bryan Bledsoe
 
Dr Bryan Bledsoe - Profile 
 
Have we set the bar too high?
Bledsoe, B
 
EMS myth No.4 - Lights and sirens save a significant amount of travel time and lives
Bledsoe, B - EMS World, February 2011
 
 


Malcolm Palmer
 
Roadworker conspicuity - daytime and nightime + briefing note
Helman, S and Palmer, M -    Transport Research Laboratory UK (TRL) - September 2010  

Traffic Officer vehicle conspicuity (TRL for Highways Agency)
Palmer, M. Lawton, B. Manning, J. and Reeves, C

Literature review of interventions to improve the conspicuity of motorcyclists and help avoid 'looked but failed to see' accidents
Helman, S. Weare, A. Palmer, M. and Fernandez-Medina, K.  
TRL Link:
MSAC Link:
and
Newspaper article: Why cycling in high-vis may be not as safe as you think
The Guardian, Walker, P.

Powered Two Wheelers: Safety measures - Guidelines, recommendations and research priorities 
Multiple contributors & agencies including TRL (Palmer, M. et al)

The effect of two novel lighting configurations on the conspicuity of motorcycles
S Helman, M Palmer, C Haines, C Reeves


 
Marc Green
 
Marc Green - Human Factors - Profile
 
The Psychology of Rear-end collisions: Looming
Green, M. - Human Factors 
 
The Six Laws of Attention
Green, M. - Human Factors
 
Is the Moth Effect real?
Green, M.
 
Human Error in Road Accidents
Green, M and Senders, J.
 
Driver Reaction Time
Green, M.
 
Lets get real about perception/reaction time
Green, M.
 
Visual Forensics of Older Drivers
Green, M.
 
Weather and Accidents; Rain & Fog
Green, M.
 
Seeing Pedestrians at Night
Green, M.
 
Night Vision
Green, M
 
Rear-end Collision - Looming
Green, M
 
The Grand Illusion: Assigning Blame in Failure-to-See
Green, M.
 
Determining Visibility
Green, M. 
 
Inattentional Blindness and Conspicuity
Green, M.
 
What is Inattention?
Green, M.
 
Underride Accidents
Green, M
 
Color Functionality in Tradedress: A Case Example
Green, M.
 
Article 3 - Innattentional blindness: Let's not blame the victim just yet.
Green, M. - Jan/Feb 2002, Occupational Health & Safety
 

 
John Killeen - Ambulance Visibility
 
3rd Annual EMS Safety Summit Presentation - CLICK HERE
PowerPoint presentation - Denver, Colorado (2.67Mb)
13-15 October 2010  
 
On Reflection - Thinking outside the box - CLICK HERE   NEW!
A toolkit for safer emergency vehicle markings
Article Part 1 - Colorado EMSAC Star 2011 (1.3Mb)
 
Evaluating new trends in emergency vehicle markings - CLICK HERE   NEW!
Advertising agency visibility, battenburg markings and the chevron debate
Article Part 2 - Colorado EMSAC Star 2011 (1.05Mb)
 
Colour, Markings & Warning Lights for Emergency Vehicles - CLICK HERE
A safer workplace or a flawed corporate vision!
PowerPoint presentation (1.6Mb)
Australian College of Ambulance Professionals Conference 2005
   
Enhancing the Value of Reflective & Conspicuity Markings on Emergency Vehicles
American Society of Safety Engineers - Transactions Journal, Volume 8, Issue 1
October 2008 journal article by John Killeen (1.39Mb) CLICK HERE
 
Enhancing motorcycle conspicuity - emergency response and roadside
Killeen, J. - Ambulance Visibility Blog - May 2010
 
 
 
 
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